to our History Section! We are here to give you context about our amazing,
rich and diverse Region. You will learn how changes here shaped the global events and the world.
We will talk about Liverpool developing railways, tidal docks, its roll in the
American Civil War and the World Wars, its cultural influence and the importance of music. Did you know that Liverpool, in fact, was declared a City of
Music by UNESCO in 2004? And it's also the only City in the
UK to be awarded European Capital of Culture, though to its
impact on the music across the globe!
We'll also shed more light on many
hidden and often overlooked parts of history, such as in 1846,
Prince Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, the future Napoléon III,
Emperor of France, lived for a brief period in Southport and got inspired by Lord Street, which later influenced roads and architecture of Paris. Another item that many do not realise is
that the design of Central Park, in New York, America, by American landscape architect Frederick Law Olmstead, was
influenced by his visit to Birkenhead Park, in 1850. These small
snippets are just a start on what we are going to be adding to
this section, so please keep logging on to find out more!
8050BC to 2003AD▬▬ Use the links below to go to the time period you are most interested in
knowing more about:-
These are a few key
moments in time that have played a major part in shaping the
Britain into the nation we live in today-
Roman Conquest OF Britain
Claudius of Rome sent an army to invade Britain, with 4 Roman
legions, led by General Aulus Plautius.
Anglo-Saxons Settled In Britain
time the Germanic tribe of warrior / farmers who came over from the
areas now known as the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark.
The tribes name is said to be derived from the Seax, a distinctive
knife that they commonly used. This era is commonly known as Early
Viking Invasions and settlements
Vikings to invade started around this time and lasted until 1086.
The first reported incursion was in 793AD. The attack was a
grab and run raid on a monastery at Lindisfarne, located on the North
East Coast of England.
On 6 January
1066, Harold Godwinson (Harold II) was crowned King of England.
Then on 14 October 1066, the Battle of Hastings took place, which would see the forces of the Norman
army of William the
Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy defeat Harold's army and kill him
in the process. This led to William being crowned King of all England.
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1861 - 1865
The American Civil War
Civil War started on 12 April 1861 and lasted until the Confederate
army surrendered to the Union army, on 9 April 1885. This was to lead
to massive changes for Liverpool in the UK, and to Britain as a
whole, not just for the now USA.
World War One
World War I
was the first ever global war that was originally called the Great
War. The war ran from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Liverpool's
role in World War I was to be extremely important. As a city, it
provided the greatest range of docks in the world. Despite the
maritime nature of Liverpool and surrounding areas, men from the city where quick to sign up to the
British Army, with the formation of a new
battalion, thanks to local Lord Derby. This move led to the
creation of what was to become known as the Pals. So important was
its role in WWI, that its role was commemorated in 2014, with a
massive international event, called:- "The Giants."
World War Two
involved virtually every part of the world, running from 1 September
1939 to 2 September 1946. Just as in World War One, Liverpool was to
be one of the major players in this conflict. Its most important roles
where as the main port for feeding the nation, also
keeping the supply channels open. It also had 1 of the 6 most
important buildings for the Allies, located in Liverpool's City
Centre, called:- "Western Approaches." This
highly top secret bunker and its
role in controlling our nation's naval fleets around the world only
came to light late in 1990's when it was declassified. Centrally to
popular belief, Liverpool also was the most bombed city, in the UK,
out of London.
From the 2
April 1982 to 14 June 1982, the Falklands War took place between
Argentina and the United Kingdom. This is the last chapter to
date of the UK acting alone to defend a British overseas territory.
conflict was to engage 36 nations, led by the US against Iraq in
response to its invasion of Kuwait, over oil production and pricing
disputes. The Persian Gulf War against Saddam Hussein and his forces had an ever lasting effect on the world ever since.
The World Wide Web
On 6 August
1991, whilst working at CERN, the British Computer Scientist, Tim
Berners-Lee published the very first website to no fanfare or even
global press attention. In fact, most people didn't even know about
it at the time! It was original made to meet demands to
automatically save and share data for scientists working within
Universities and other institutions around the World.
the First smartphone
years before Apple was to released the 'iPhone,' the very first
smartphone was unveiled by IBM. It was called the:- 'Simon Personal
Communicator.' This device was the very first time a phone and
a PDA was to be combined as a handheld device that could be used
for emails and sending faxes. The cost of this device was
around $899 to $1099 US. This price did not include call costs or
service contracts! However this LCD touch screen personal assistant
(PDA) did come with:- 2 batteries, leather protective
sleeve, manual, stylus and a charger! At the time it was
so futuristic that it got the title:- 'smart-phone' something that has
stuck ever since with digital phones. It is also worth adding that
its software features such as the address book, calendar,
calculator, and world clock didn't have any internet communicator
or web browser! If you wanted the internet you would have to wait until
the:- 'Nokia 9000 Communicator' was launched in 1996!