Merseyside & Liverpool City Region History 1870AD to 1899AD

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The history of Merseyside and Liverpool City Region

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History Section

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  1503 to 1749   1830 to 1869   1900 to 1929   1960 to 2003
-8050 to 1490   1750 to 1829   1870 to 1899   1930 to 1959    
 

THIS page lists events and other information related to the time line from 1870AD to 1899AD. Some areas contain extra pages you can read with additional reference material on them. To access these pages, please see the extra information column of the table below.


Timeline
Events / Historic Developments
More material page or extra link
Area
1870
Queen Victoria's statue, mounted, beside her consort Prince Albert erected on St George's Plateau.   
1870
Southport Borough Police was formed on 23 March 1870.
1870
William Farr claimed that the population of Liverpool was around 66,000 to the square mile.
1870
Population increased to approximately 530,000.  
1870
The Scarisbrick Trustees offered Southport 15 acres of land just of Scarisbrick New road, but it was declined.
1871
The replacement Victoria Baths re-opened in Southport on the Promanade.
1872
The newspapers Ormskirk Chronicle and the Liverpool and Southport Daily News founded.  
1872
Southport Independent shuts down.
1872
Secret Ballot introduced in Britain.  
1872
The newspaper Liverpool Weekly Courier founded again.  
1872
Thomas Haines Dudley finishes his role as the Consul for the United States of America, within Liverpool's Paradise Street Consulate.
1873
West Lancashire Golf Course laid out and opened in Southport.
1873
The newspaper Evening Express founded.
1874
In Southport a £90,000 invested into the Winter Gardens project, opened this year, along with a Glaciarium, the first in this country, and the Prince of Wales hotel, which replaced the old Union Hotel.  
1874
The Eliza Fernley replaces the Jessie Knowles lifeboat, in Southport.
1874
The newspapers Liverpool Daily and the Evening Albion are founded in 1874.
1875
Liverpool Mercantile Advertiser/Gazette shuts down.
1875
Weld-Blundells offer land in Birkdale for use as a park, it is declined.   
1875
Southport expanding still, absorbs Churchtown and Crossens. 
1875
The Founding of the Formby Land and Building Company in an attempt to compete with Southport.
1876
Atkinson Art Gallery foundation stone laid and construction starts in what will be Southport's town center.
1876
The newspaper Gore's General Advertiser shuts down.
1877
Smedley Hydropathic Hotel opens in Southport.
1878
The Sacred Heart of Jesus church opened and dedicated in this year in Southport. 
1878
On the 1 July Bootle Borough Police and St Helens Borough Police was formed.
1878
The Free Public Library and Art Gallery given to the town in this year by William Atkinson, it cost somewhere in the region of £14,000.
1878
The newspaper Ormskirk Chronicle shuts down.
1878
The newspapers Bootle Times and Liverpool Weekly Post founded.
1879
A Congregational chapel is built on Station Road. Atkinson Art Gallery was finished and opened on the 21 February 1879, in Southport.
1879
The newspapers Waterloo & Crosby Times and Liverpool Echo founded.
1880 
Liverpool granted City status, in response to the fact that it contained half a million people, that was 12 times bigger than what the population stood at 100 years before.  Among this thriving community were Irish, Welsh and Scottish as well as Africans, West Indians and Chinese immigrants which made Liverpool a very cosmopolitan City. 
1880
The newspaper North End Times Founded.
1880 
Southport listed as the 3rd largest seaside resort in the country (England).
1881
The newspaper Liverpool Mail shuts down. The newspaper  West Derby & Wavertree Times founded.
1881
The Census returns of this year shows that every house in Hesketh Park area had a servant and only 14% had one servant the rest had more. 13% had four or more, in contrast in Birkdale 13% had only one servant and only 10% had four or more. One of the largest homes in the area was at Lismore, Waterloo road, the home of the sugar refiner William Macfie, he lived there with his wife and 6 children, 7 servants and one page. Just under 1000 boarders were present in the Southport and Birkdale area, of whom 60% were girls.
1881
The Palace Hotel was reorganised as a Hydro hotel along the lines of the Smedley hotel and its success. 
1881
The newspapers  Liverpool and Southport Daily News shut down.  
1881
The newspaper Southport News founded.
1882
Bootle Town Hall Opened.
1882
The newspaper Southport Guardian founded.
1883
The newspaper Liverpool & Bootle Evening Times founded.
1884
The barque Nereus is wreaked off the shore of Ainsdale in a great storm.  Formby Golf Course opened.
1884
The newspapers Liverpool Journal and North End Times shut down.
1884
The newspaper North Liverpool Times Founded.
1885
Southport Golf Club formed, opened in the Hesketh estates Marshside Hills. 
1885
The newspaper Southport Standard founded.
1885
The newspaper Southport News shuts down.
1885
The newspaper Halfpenny Weekly founded.
1886
The Mexico disaster, where all, but 2 of Southport's lifeboat crew and all the men on St Anne's boat died. This is still the worst ever lifeboat catastrophe of all time.
1887
Bootle Public Library and Museum added to the Town Hall.    
1887
The newspapers Liverpool Weekly Albion and Liverpool Daily along with the Evening Albion close for good.
1887
The newspaper Liverpool Citizen founded.
1987
The Church of St John's was also built in Southport.  The South Marine Lake finished and then opened.
1887
Queen Victoria's Jubilee.  
1888
Weld-Blundells again offer land in Birkdale for a park, and again it is declined.    
1888
Mary Anna takes over from the sunken Eliza Fernley. (Southport)
1888
The Edith and Annie Lifeboat joins the Mary Anna.
1888
The Liverpool Porcupine writes that Southport is the richest town in the world in proportion to its population with more than half the householders being independent with a high proportion of them living on income from their capital, and most of them being female.  
1888
The newspaper Garston and Woolton Reporter founded.
1888
Jack the Ripper Strikes in London, Whitechapel.  
1889
This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.Birkdale Golf Club founded, play was a 9 hole course at Bedford Park.    
1889
The Edith and Annie sinks at it's moorings, due to silted up chains off Southport's Shoreline.
1890
Liverpool given the title of "Gateway of Empire".  Halfpenny Weekly shuts down.
1891
Southport Golf Club moves to Scarisbrick land on Moss Lane, probably due to Little Ireland, the only black spot on Southport said one Mayor of the day.  
1891
Population in Southport is 32,191 and in Birkdale its 12,387.
1891
Southport boasts 500 lock-up shops as well as The Winter Gardens Opera House built and opened.
1891
The newspaper Liverpool Citizen shuts down.
1891
A field near Goodison Road was bought by Everton FC, which opened as the football ground in the August. 
1892
The newspapers North Liverpool Times and West Derby & Wavertree Times shut down.
1892
The North Lake dug and opened in this year.
1893
This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.The Overhead Railway opens along the length of the Dock Road.  It's the first elevated railway in the world and the only 1 in Britain.  It was quickly nicknamed by locals as "The Dockers Umbrella" a name that stuck until it's close.This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.
1893
The Marine Drive built in Southport, surrounding a body of water later known as the Lagoon.  Also the newspaper, the Formby Times is founded.
1894
Manchester Ship Canal opened.  Liverpool & Bootle Evening Times shuts down.
1894
Royal Birkdale  Golf club decides to move to Birkdale the sand dunes.
1895
The newspaper Waterloo & Crosby Herald founded.
1896
Formby Ladies Golf Club opened.
1897
The Birkdale Golf Club moves to it's present location mainly because it was rented to them for a very cheap rate. 
1897
The newspapers called Formby Newspaper and the West Lancs Coast Chronicle are founded, serving Formby and Southport areas.
1897
The Pier Pavilion burned down in this year in Southport. 
1897
Liverpool Trams network starts operation.    
1897
The Liverpool City Engineer's start using photographs to record their work.
1897
New Brighton Tower built to rival the Blackpool Tower.  
1897
The newspapers Kemp's Liverpool and the Lancs Gazette are founded. 
1897
Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.  
1898
  Liverpool Trams first electric car left Dingle.  
1899
The Liverpool School of Tropical diseases is opened by Lord Lister.
1899
Churchtown's Mrs. Hesketh dies in her 90's, she is succeeded by her Grandson Charles Bibby.  
1899
The Southport Lifeboat House goes out of service, and the John Harling becomes the last lifeboat for the area.
1899
Liverpool Trams were to give 2 main events in Liverpool's transport history
1899
The newspaper Southport Standard shuts down.  
1899
Iron age dugout canoe found at Martin Mere, just outside Churchtown, near Banks.

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