page lists events and other information
related to the time line from 8050 BC to 1490 AD. Some areas
contain extra pages you can read with additional reference material on
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/ Historic Developments
More material page or extra link
Mesolithic Hunter-Gatherers settle in the area, which will become Merseyside.
Probability of having Celtic settlers in the area. The only real evidence of this is
the fact that some places have the word "Ince"
in them for example:- Ince Blundell or
Woods."Ince" in Gaelic means island, that in
this context is regarded as the island in the marsh.
Saxons settle in the area after the retreat of the Romans.
Settlement names (such as Walton) are the main evidence
along with the area titles Sefton and Marton. Apart from that, some Roman artefacts (like coins)
have also been found within the Crosby and Formby
The first official
authenticated evidence of Viking settlement in the
area. Evidence of this can be devised from an Irish
manuscript detailing the wish to settle in lands and
not have to fight anymore. The area given to the
Vikings is the Wirral Peninsula, supposedly
uninhabited and therefore uninhabitable, for anyone,
but the Vikings. There is still some tenuous
evidence that the Vikings may have settled here
earlier, and that in 902 Vikings wanted to join the already small but
established Viking settlement there, however there is no
written evidence to back this up, just some dates
from relics which cover a slightly earlier timeframe. The Vikings mentioned in the manuscript were
all Norsemen, meaning they came from Norway as
opposed to the Danes which came from Denmark. The
Danes settled most of the Eastern side of England
where the Norsemen settled this North West side of England.
The settlement if any that was here before them
could have been Danes who had migrated across the
country from York to set up trade with the Irish.
Thus establishing why the Norsemen would know about
a settlement on the North West coast of England.
Attacks on Chester by the Vikings in an attempt
to gain richer lands than their own for their use. The Wirral
Peninsula being a bit wet and largely unsuitable for farming.
Settlement in the South of Chester by the conquering Vikings leads to a Viking quarter in the
City. Recommended book
by Stephen Harding. ISBN 1901231 34 8
Published by A Countryvise Publication, Wirral UK in
The Battle of Brunanburh between the forces of Aethelred and the Vikings
was fought probably at Brombourgh.
Massacre of St. Brice's day, an attempt by Ethelred to exterminate the Danes in England.
The last official expulsion of Vikings from Ireland after the Battle of the Clontarf,
King Canute becomes King of England, start of the Danish Empire.
William the Conqueror,
'William the Bastard',
serves as duke of Normandy and leads the
Norman invasion of England. The invasion results
in him being crowned
king of England
after the 'Battle of Hastings', that kills
rival, the then crowned King Harold. Harold
was reported to have died after being hit in the eye
by an arrow. This battle was immortalised in the
embroidered cloth-not an actual tapestry-nearly 70
metres (230 ft) long.) William is credited with
kick-starting England into the phase known as
Doomsday book compiled by the order of William
the First. by William the Conqueror,
containing around 900 year old parchment papers.
Woolton Village recorded in the Doomsday book.
First Crusade, under Godfrey of Bouilton, takes Jerusalem.
Knights Templer Order founded. They are the origins of the Masons.
Stephen takes the Crown and throne of England and starts a civil war with Matilda and creates chaos in England.
Second Crusade fails it's objectives.
Birkenhead Priory, founded by the Benedictines.
Henry of Anjou succeeds Stephen and is the first of the Plantagenet kings of England.
The 3rd Crusade is launched, the leaders are Richard the Lionheart of England, Frederick
Barbarossa, and Philip Augustus of France.
The end of the Third Crusade, without ever regaining Jerusalem, Ricjard the First is captured on his way through Austria and ransomed.
Fourth Crusade starts, but fails to do anything.
King John makes Liverpool a royal borough.
It is thought that
William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby probably erected
Liverpool Castle between 1232 and 1237. It is
unclear as when it was actually constructed or
finished, as to what was like, but in 1347 most
detailed medieval account was made that described
the castle. It was said to have been surrounded by a
fosse or a dry moat. It had a large wall all round
it, 4 towers, a hall, chamber, chapel, brewhouse and
bakehouse. It is also said to have had a well and a
certain orchard, along with a dovecot.
The Stanleys build their townhouse on the Liverpool shore.
Edward the First finishes his conquest of Wales, and looks towards Scotland.
Expulsion of Jews from England.
Battle of Bannockburn, Robert the Bruce secures Scottish Independence.
Benedictine Monks of Birkenhead Priory granted the right of ferry cross the Mersey, by King Edward the III even though ferries had already been running across the Mersey for a long time.
Start of the Hundred Years War between England and France.
Black Death reaches England, only took a year from the rest of Europe, and it will take a further year to reach
English becomes the official language in the Law Courts and parliament.
Peasant revolt led by Wat Tyler.
Richard the Second deposed by Henry IV, first of the Lancastrian Kings.
Sir John Stanley has the Liverpool Tower built, this was actually his home, which he was allowed to fortify by order of Henry the IV. He used stones from his older town house to do this.
Battle of Agincourt.
Start of the War of the Roses.
Warwick 'the kingmaker'
turns Lancastrian and dethrones Edward the IV.
Return of Edward the IV and the crushing defeat of the Lancastrians at Barnet and Tewkesbury.
Battle of Bosworth field and the start of the Tudor Period.
Speke Hall building work
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