Merseyside and Liverpool City Region History 1503 to 1749

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The history of Merseyside and Liverpool City Region

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  1503 to 1749   1830 to 1869   1900 to 1929   1960 to 2003
-8050 to 1490   1750 to 1829   1870 to 1899   1930 to 1959    
 

THIS page lists events and other information related to the time line from 1503AD to 1749AD. Some areas contain extra pages you can read with additional reference material on them. To access these pages, please see the extra information column of the table below.


Timeline
Events / Historic Developments
More material page or extra link
Area
1503
The village called Argameols, that was located on the coastland, near the now Formby Point, disappears, probably during very violent storms, which are a big problem on the coast at this time.  
1538
Dissolution of smaller monasteries by Henry the VIII, soon after having his wife Anne Boleyn executed.  
1547
Henry the VIII dies.
1558
Elizebeth I becomes Queen of England.
1564
Shakespeare born.
1575
This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.The former Country Estate and ancestral home of the Molyneux family, the Earls of Sefton was built and named Croxteth Hall.  The Hall is now a Grade II*. The site in by 2003 had 3 of the outbuildings; with another 15 buildings on the estate that had also been listed Grade II.  
1577
Captain Francis Drake starts his voyage around the world.  He was the 1st Englishman to sail around the world.  
1580
Francis Drake returns.
1582
Gregorian Calendar introduced by Pope Gregory XIII
1588
Spanish Armada. The Spanish plan to join with Parma's army and also amassed an armada to attack the English. The fleet was composed of 151 ships, 8,000 sailors and 18,000 soldiers, and bore 1,500 brass guns and 1,000 iron guns. The English fleet consisted of the 34 ships of the royal fleet (21 of which were galleons of 200 to 400 tons), and 163 other ships, 30 of which were of 200 to 400 tons and carried up to 42 guns each; 12 of these were privateers owned by Lord Howard of Effingham, Sir John Hawkins and the now Sir Francis Drake. The Armada suffered a decisive defeat and accomplished nothing.
1600
East India Company founded.
1603
Accession of James the VI of Scotland as James the I of England and the joining of the 2 crowns and forming most of the United Kindom.
1605
This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.Gunpowder plot. Guy Fawkes, also known as Guido Fawkes, was captured and identified as the 1 who had planned the attempt to assassinate James I, during the opening of Parliament. He was arrested, at midnight on 4 November 1605, with 36 This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.barrels of gunpowder were found stacked in the cellar directly beneath the House of Lords, where the King would have been sitting the day after. ever since on 5 November, every year in the England, the effigy of Guy Fawkes is still burned on bonfires in recognition of his capture.
1612
This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.Speke Hall finally finished or at least residents stopped upgrading it.  The  Tudor manor house or hall was built by the devout Catholic Norris family, using a wood-framed wattle-and-daub.  
1616
Death of Shakespeare.  
1630's
Hawslookers appointed by the Manors of Birkdale and Ainsdale to watch the dunes and bring before the courts anyone stealing Starr Grass (Marram).  
1683
The first lighthouse of the mouth of the river Mersey was build this year on Perch Rock.
1642
This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.King Charles I, attempts to arrest  Members of Parliament for high treason. The MPs were Mr Holles, Mr Pym, Sir A Haslerig, Mr Hampden and Mr William Strode. This marks the outbreak of the English Civil War.  The 1st general / major engagement was at Edgehill, between Oxford and Warwick, between the Roundheads (Parliamentarians) and the Cavaliers (Royalists)  
1643
Liverpool is under siege by King Charles' nephew and commander of the Cavaliers, Prince Rupert and lead to the taking of Liverpool Castle. Other the next 2 years the ownership of the Castle changed sides many times.  
Parliament institutes a new state-controlled censoring apparatus in the Licensing Order. This act leads to tighter control being imposed on the press along with censorship publishers had to have a pre-publication license, conduct a full registration of all printing materials, along with the names of author and printer. Also it allowed arrest and imprisonment of any deemed by the English monarchy as offensive writers, printers and publishers.  
1644
The fighting for Liverpool Castle eventually ended when the Parliamentarians decided to burn it down. The fire that was set by them left the building in ruins.  
1645
New Model Army formed, and main Royalist army crushed.  
1646
King Charles I surrenders to the Scots.
1647
Charles the 1st handed over to parliament, he's seized by the army but manages to escape and runs to Carisbrooke Castle.
1648
First import of Tobacco into Liverpool Docks from America takes place.  
1648
2nd Civil War starts, New Model Army defeats Scots and Royalist forces. Army refashions parliament.  
1649
Charles I is executed.
1649
The Puritan Oliver Cromwell outlawed Christmas celebrations and carols in England. The only celebrations allowed were sermons and prayers.
1651
Oliver Cromwell's victory at Worchester, now King of England.
1658
Oliver Cromwell dies.
1660
Restoration of the Monarchy in England and the crowning of Charles II.
1660
The law banning Christmas celebrations and carols in England is lifted.
1665
Great Plague in London. The outbreak of the plague resulted in large numbers fleeing the capital.
1666
Great Fire of London took a hold and devastated most of London and lead to the displacement of many people, including merchants and tradesmen. Many of them moved to Liverpool, joining those who had left London due to the risk of catching the plague. The population of the once small fishing village of Liverpool had risen to around 7000 people. Building like the Bluecoat Chambers were built, as the money from those forced out of London poured in to Liverpool.    
1681
Charles II begins to rule without Parliament.  
1688
William of Orange lands in England the start of the 'glorious revolution'.
1690
Battle of Boyne defeat of James II by William III.   Also this year sees world's most dominant naval power France delivers a crushing defeat on England's Naval in the Battle of Beachy Head.
1691
Capitulation of Irish Supporters of James II, on conditions which are not fulfilled.
1693
National Debt of England begun.
1694
This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.On the back of the defeat of the Navy in the Battle of Beachy Head in 1690, a national bank was needed to mobilise the Nation's resources, so in this year the Governor and Company of the Bank of England was founded.   The Bank was given exclusive possession of the government's balances, and was the only limited-liability corporation allowed to issue bank notes.  It's aim was to supply money to the King with funds that could be used to rebuild the Navy.    

[It is now simply known as The Bank of England to this day, and is still the central bank of the United Kingdom.   As a result of its success since 1694, the Bank Of England is now the model on which most modern central banks through out the World have been based on.]
1695
Press licensing abandoned, with freedom of the press started.
1699
Liverpool declared a parish.  
1700 
The newly formed Corporation of Liverpool sees the castle had become an eyesore and clearly a thorn in it's side, as bricks from the ruins had been used for other buildings over the last few decades, so Liverpool Castle's is finally fully dismantled.
1702
lt, mainly the Queen Anne designed West Front.
1704
This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.Woolton Hall built and home for the Molyneux family.
1707
Act of Union, English and Scottish parliaments are now United.
1709
First Ship sets sail for Africa to increase business necessary to extend the Old Docks.
1710 
Liverpool builds the 1st wet dock in the world. By the end of the 18th century Liverpool has a complete set of docks whereas in the rest of the world most places had one.
1710
Tory government is formed in England.  
1715
Jacobite rising defeated at Preston and Sherrifmuir.  
1718 
Bluecoat Charity School building work completed.
1719
Formby lighthouse completed on the Merseyside Coastline, next to the River Alt. Also this year it is used for the 1st time.
1720
Bishop Gastrell takes a census of the area, North Meols and Birkdale, it has a population of under 1200. 
1721
Robert Walpole becomes the 1st Prime Minister of the UK.  
1733
The Hesketh family moves out of Meols Hall, leaving the estate to fall into disrepair and leaving the running of the estates to an agent and the tenant farmers.
1739
The Chapel for Formby, that was located in Ravenmeols is destroyed in what is referred to as "a great storm".  
1743
George II is the last British King to personally command an army into battle this is at Dettington. He defeats the French there.  
1745
Jacobite rebellion under Prince Charles Edward, initial success at Prestonpans and march on Derby.  
1746
The 1st ever United States Consul, in the UK, takes up residence in at 4 Rodney Street, Liverpool.
1746
The new Formby Chapel of St Peter opened in this year.
1746
Jacobites destroyed by Cumberland at the battle of Culloden.
1749
Liverpool Town Hall started, designed by John Wood of Bath.

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