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History Section Home Page

1503 to 1749 1830 to 1869 1900 to 1929 1960 to 2003
-8050 to 1490   1750 to 1829   1870 to 1899   1930 to 1959  

THIS page lists events and other information related to the time line from 1503AD to 1749AD. Some areas contain extra pages you can read with additional reference material on them. To access these pages, please see the extra information column of the table below.


Events / Historic Developments Area More material page or extra link
1503 The village called Argameols, that was located on the coastland, near the now Formby Point, disappears, probably during very violent storms, which are a big problem on the coast at this time.  


1538 Dissolution of smaller monasteries by Henry the VIII, soon after having his wife Anne Boleyn executed.    
1547 Henry the VIII dies.    
1558 Elizebeth I becomes Queen of England.    
1564 Shakespeare born.    
1575 The former Country Estate and ancestral home of the Molyneux family, the Earls of Sefton was built and named Croxteth Hall.  The Hall is now a Grade II*. The site in by 2003 had 3 of the outbuildings; with another 15 buildings on the estate that had also been listed Grade II.  

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1577 The first Englishman to sail around the world Captain Francis Drake starts his voyage around the world.    
1580 Francis Drake returns.    
1582 Gregorian Calendar introduced by Pope Gregory XIII    
1588 Spanish Armada. The Spanish plan to join with Parma's army and also amassed an armada to attack the English. The fleet was composed of 151 ships, 8,000 sailors and 18,000 soldiers, and bore 1,500 brass guns and 1,000 iron guns. The English fleet consisted of the 34 ships of the royal fleet (21 of which were galleons of 200 to 400 tons), and 163 other ships, 30 of which were of 200 to 400 tons and carried up to 42 guns each; 12 of these were privateers owned by Lord Howard of Effingham, Sir John Hawkins and the now Sir Francis Drake. The Armada suffered a decisive defeat and accomplished nothing.    
1600 East India Company founded.    
1603 Accession of James the VI of Scotland as James the I of England and the joining of the 2 crowns and forming most of the United Kindom.    
1605 Gunpowder plot. Guy Fawkes, also known as Guido Fawkes, was captured and identified as the one who had planned the attempt to assassinate James I, during the opening of Parliament. He was arrested, at midnight on 4 November 1605, with 36 barrels of gunpowder were found stacked in the cellar directly beneath the House of Lords, where the King would have been sitting the day after. ever since on 5 November, every year in the England, the effigy of Guy Fawkes is still burned on bonfires in recognition of his capture.  

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This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.

1612 Speke Hall finally finished or at least residents stopped upgrading it.  The  Tudor manor house or hall was built by the devout Catholic Norris family, using a wood-framed wattle-and-daub.  

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1616 Death of Shakespeare.    
1630's Hawslookers appointed by the Manors of Birkdale and Ainsdale to watch the dunes and bring before the courts anyone stealing Starr Grass (Marram).    
1642 King Charles I, attempts to arrest  Members of Parliament for high treason. The MPs were Mr Holles, Mr Pym, Sir A Haslerig, Mr Hampden and Mr William Strode. This marks the outbreak of the English Civil War.  The 1st general / major engagement was at Edgehill, between Oxford and Warwick, between the Roundheads (Parliamentarians) and the Cavaliers (Royalists)  

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1643 Liverpool is under siege by King Charles' nephew and commander of the Cavaliers, Prince Rupert and lead to the taking of Liverpool Castle. Other the next 2 years the ownership of the Castle changed sides many times.    
Parliament institutes a new state-controlled censoring apparatus in the Licensing Order. This act leads to tighter control being imposed on the press along with censorship publishers had to have a pre-publication license, conduct a full registration of all printing materials, along with the names of author and printer. Also it allowed arrest and imprisonment of any deemed by the English monarchy as offensive writers, printers and publishers.    
1644 The fighting for Liverpool Castle eventually ended when the Parliamentarians decided to burn it down. The fire that was set by them left the building in ruins.    
1645 New Model Army formed, and main Royalist army crushed.    
1646 King Charles I surrenders to the Scots.    
1647 Charles the First handed over to parliament, he's seized by the army but manages to escape and runs to Carisbrooke Castle.    
1648 First import of Tobacco into Liverpool Docks from America takes place.    
1648 2nd Civil War starts, New Model Army defeats Scots and Royalist forces. Army refashions parliament.    
1649 Charles I is executed.    
1649 The Puritan Oliver Cromwell outlawed Christmas celebrations and carols in England. The only celebrations allowed were sermons and prayers.    
1651 Oliver Cromwell's victory at Worchester, now King of England.    
1658 Oliver Cromwell dies.    
1660 Restoration of the Monarchy in England and the crowning of Charles II.    
1660 The law banning Christmas celebrations and carols in England is lifted.    
1665 Great Plague in London. The outbreak of the plague resulted in large numbers fleeing the capital.    
1666 Great Fire of London took a hold and devastated most of London and lead to the displacement of many people, including merchants and tradesmen. Many of them moved to Liverpool, joining those who had left London due to the risk of catching the plague. The population of the once small fishing village of Liverpool had risen to around 7000 people. Building like the Bluecoat Chambers were built, as the money from those forced out of London poured in to Liverpool.      
1681 Charles II begins to rule without Parliament.    
1688 William of Orange lands in England the start of the 'glorious revolution'.    
1690 Battle of Boyne defeat of James II by William III.   Also this year sees world's most dominant naval power France delivers a crushing defeat on England's Naval in the Battle of Beachy Head.    
1691 Capitulation of Irish Supporters of James II, on conditions which are not fulfilled.    
1693 National Debt of England begun.  

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1694 On the back of the defeat of the Navy in the Battle of Beachy Head in 1690, a national bank was needed to mobilise the Nation's resources, so in this year the Governor and Company of the Bank of England was founded.   The Bank was given exclusive possession of the government's balances, and was the only limited-liability corporation allowed to issue bank notes.  It's aim was to supply money to the King with funds that could be used to rebuild the Navy.    --- [It is now simply known as The Bank of England to this day, and is still the central bank of the United Kingdom.   As a result of its success since 1694, the Bank Of England is now the model on which most modern central banks through out the World have been based on.]---  
1695 Press licensing abandoned, with freedom of the press started.    
1699 Liverpool declared a parish.    
1700  The newly formed Corporation of Liverpool sees the castle had become an eyesore and clearly a thorn in it's side, as bricks from the ruins had been used for other buildings over the last few decades, so Liverpool Castle's is finally fully dismantled.    
1702 Croxteth Hall rebuilt, mainly the Queen Anne designed West Front.    
1704 Woolton Hall built and home for the Molyneux family.  

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1707 Act of Union, English and Scottish parliaments are now United.    
1709 First Ship sets sail for Africa to increase business necessary to extend the Old Docks.    
1710  Liverpool builds the first wet dock in the world. By the end of the 18th century Liverpool has a complete set of docks whereas in the rest of the world most places had one.  

1710 Tory government is formed in England.    
1715 Jacobite rising defeated at Preston and Sherrifmuir.    
1718  Bluecoat Charity School building work completed.    
1719 Formby lighthouse completed on the Merseyside Coastline, next to the River Alt. Also this year it is used for the first time.    
1720 Bishop Gastrell takes a census of the area, North Meols and Birkdale, it has a population of under 1200.     
1721 Robert Walpole becomes the first Prime Minister of the UK.    
1733 The Hesketh family moves out of Meols Hall, leaving the estate to fall into disrepair and leaving the running of the estates to an agent and the tenant farmers.    
1739 The Chapel for Formby, that was located in Ravenmeols is destroyed in what is referred to as "a great storm".    
1743 George II is the last British King to personally command an army into battle this is at Dettington. He defeats the French there.    
1745 Jacobite rebellion under Prince Charles Edward, initial success at Prestonpans and march on Derby.    
1746 The first ever United States Consul, in the UK, takes up residence in at 4 Rodney Street, Liverpool.    
1746 The new Formby Chapel of St Peter opened in this year.    
1746 Jacobites destroyed by Cumberland at the battle of Culloden.    
1749 Liverpool Town Hall started, designed by John Wood of Bath.    
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