Merseyside and Liverpool City Region History

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The history of Merseyside and Liverpool City Region

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History Section

 Home

  1503 to 1749   1830 to 1869   1900 to 1929   1960 to 2003
-8050 to 1490   1750 to 1829   1870 to 1899   1930 to 1959    
 

THIS page lists events and other information related to the time line from 8050 BC to 1490 AD. Some areas contain extra pages you can read with additional reference material on them. To access these pages, please see the extra information column of the table below.


Timeline
Events / Historic Developments
More material page or extra link
Area
-8050
Mesolithic Hunter-Gatherers settle in the area, which will become Merseyside.    
-50
Probability of having Celtic settlers in the area. The only real evidence of this is the fact that some places have the word "Ince" in them for example:- Ince Blundell or Ince Woods. "Ince" in Gaelic means island, that in this context is regarded as the island in the marsh.
650
Saxons settle in the area after the retreat of the Romans. Settlement names (such as Walton) are the main evidence along with the area titles Sefton and Marton. Apart from that, some Roman artefacts (like coins) have also been found within the Crosby and Formby area.This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.

 

902
The first official authenticated evidence of Viking settlement in the area. Evidence of this can be devised from an Irish manuscript detailing the wish to settle in lands and not have to fight anymore. The area given to the Vikings is the Wirral Peninsula, supposedly uninhabited and therefore uninhabitable, for anyone, but the Vikings. There is still some tenuous evidence that the Vikings may have settled here earlier, and that in 902 Vikings wanted to join the already small but established Viking settlement there, however there is no written evidence to back this up, just some dates from relics which cover a slightly earlier timeframe. The Vikings mentioned in the manuscript were all Norsemen, meaning they came from Norway as opposed to the Danes which came from Denmark. The Danes settled most of the Eastern side of England where the Norsemen settled this North West side of England.   This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.The settlement if any that was here before them could have been Danes who had migrated across the country from York to set up trade with the Irish. Thus establishing why the Norsemen would know about a settlement on the North West coast of England.
907
Attacks on Chester by the Vikings in an attempt to gain richer lands than their own for their use. The Wirral Peninsula being a bit wet and largely unsuitable for farming.
908
Settlement in the South of Chester by the conquering Vikings leads to a Viking quarter in the City.

Recommended book Viking Mersey, by Stephen Harding.  ISBN 1901231 34 8   Published by A Countrywide Publication, Wirral UK in 2002.
937
The Battle of Brunanburh between the forces of Aethelred and the Vikings that was fought probably at Brombourgh.    
1002
Massacre of St. Brice's day, an attempt by Ethelred to exterminate the Danes in England.
1014
The last official expulsion of Vikings from Ireland after the Battle of the Clontarf, Dublin.
1016
King Canute becomes King of England, start of the Danish Empire.
1066
William the Conqueror, known as:- 'William the Bastard',  serves as duke of Normandy and leads the Norman invasion of England. The invasion results in him being crowned king of England after the:- 'Battle of Hastings', that kills rival, the then crowned King Harold.  Harold was reported to have died after being hit in the eye by an arrow. This battle was immortalised in the Bayeux Tapestry (An embroidered cloth-not an actual tapestry-nearly 70 metres (230 ft) long.)  William is credited with kick-starting England into the phase known as Medieval England.
1086
This is a link to an external website. It is not a  PCBT Photography or PBT Media Relations Ltd. Website.Doomsday book compiled by the order of William the First.  by William the Conqueror, containing around 900 year old parchment papers. 
1086
Woolton Village recorded in the Doomsday book.   
1099
First Crusade, under Godfrey of Bouilton, takes Jerusalem.  
1119
Knights Templer Order founded. They are the origins of the Masons.
1135
Stephen takes the Crown and throne of England and starts a civil war with Matilda and creates chaos in England.
1148
Second Crusade fails it's objectives.
1150
Birkenhead Priory, founded by the Benedictines.  
1154
Henry of Anjou succeeds Stephen and is the first of the Plantagenet kings of England.  
1189
The 3rd Crusade is launched, the leaders are Richard the Lionheart of England, Frederick Barbarossa, and Philip Augustus of France.
1192
The end of the Third Crusade, without ever regaining Jerusalem, Ricjard the First is captured on his way through Austria and ransomed.
1202
Fourth Crusade starts, but fails to do anything.
1207
King John makes Liverpool a royal borough.    
1232
It is thought that William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby probably erected Liverpool Castle between 1232 and 1237. It is unclear as when it was actually constructed or finished, as to what was like, but in 1347 most detailed medieval account was made that described the castle. It was said to have been surrounded by a fosse or a dry moat. It had a large wall all round it, 4 towers, a hall, chamber, chapel, brew house and bake house. It is also said to have had a well and a certain orchard, along with a dovecot.
1252
The Stanleys build their townhouse on the Liverpool shore.
1284
Edward the First finishes his conquest of Wales, and looks towards Scotland.  
1290
Expulsion of Jews from England.
1314
Battle of Bannockburn, Robert the Bruce secures Scottish Independence.
1330
Benedictine Monks of Birkenhead Priory granted the right of ferry cross the Mersey, by King Edward the III even though ferries had already been running across the Mersey for a long time.  
1338
Start of the Hundred Years War between England and France.  
1349
Black Death reaches England, only took a year from the rest of Europe, and it will take a further year to reach Scotland.
1362
English becomes the official language in the Law Courts and parliament.
1381
Peasant revolt led by Wat Tyler.
1399
Richard the Second deposed by Henry IV, first of the Lancastrian Kings.  
1404
Sir John Stanley has the Liverpool Tower built, this was actually his home, which he was allowed to fortify by order of Henry the IV. He used stones from his older town house to do this.
1415
Battle of Agincourt.  
1455
Start of the War of the Roses.
1470
Warwick 'the kingmaker' turns Lancastrian and dethrones Edward the IV.  
1471
Return of Edward the IV and the crushing defeat of the Lancastrians at Barnet and Tewkesbury.
1485
Battle of Bosworth field and the start of the Tudor Period.  
1490
Speke Hall building work started.  

 

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